He was able to … Leonidas died well before the last Greek at Thermopylae and those still alive fought the Persians over his body, recouping it on several attacks. Off to the side of the larger statue of Leonidas at Thermopylae, there is a monument to the 700 Thespians who died alongside the Spartans. Re the 400 Thebans, it’s true the oligarchic ruling class aligned the city with the Persians, but the relatively small number (for Thebes) of 400 may have been Hellenic patriots who did not agree with their city’s choice. them the Eros of Praxiteles, one of the most famous statues in was an unwrought stone. All struggles among the Greeks are to cease for the duration of the war, in which the Spartans will have the supreme command. Battle. King Leonidas I was dispatched from Sparta with only his royal bodyguard of 300 men to help him stop the oncoming Persian invasion, led by Xerxes I. Fortunately Leonidas was not entirely alone. 7 talking about this. Later, Herodotus describes a scene where Xerxes invites the Persians from the fleet to gaze upon the Greek dead at Thermopylae, who number 4000 combined Spartans, Thespians, and Helots. The 300 graphic novel does depict them briefly defending the goat path, but this was not where the Thespians fell, at least not according to any of the ancient accounts. Spartans cannot retreat. θΕΣΠΙΕO̱Ν Several waves of 10,000 Medes were all beaten back. Although Herodotus tells us of several monuments that resided on the Thermopylae battlefield, not a single one of them has survived to today. It stood on level ground commanded by the low range of hills which army sustained heavy losses at the battle of Delium, and in the The Thespians came from the ancient Greek city of Thespiae, in Boeotia. Why, then, their praise For going forward should be less than others. discovered on the road to Leuctra. The Spirit of Thermopylae In 480 BC, an estimated horde of 240,000-2,000,000 soldiers under the command of King Xerxes of Persia swarmed forth like an unstoppable mist of locusts toward the gates of Europe. Like in Marathon 10 years earlier when the Spartans had their religious festival of Karnea dedicated to Apollo, at the end of summer in 480 BC people from all over the Hellenic lands (including those in Africa and Sicily) participated to the Olympic Games. The Thespians held Eros above all other gods, likely because he had no parents. Xerxes, and his army, could now march through Greece and - presumably - defeat all the city-states. In the history of ancient Greece, Thespiae was one of the cities of the federal league known as the Boeotian League. The Battle of Thermopylae was fought between an alliance of Greek city-states, led by King Leonidas I of Sparta, and the Achaemenid Empire of Xerxes I. The pass at Thermopylae was thus opened to the Persian army, according to Herodotus, at the cost to the Persians of up to 20,000 fatalities. off by Nero. the legendary first actor, Thespis. In Memory of the 700 Thespians at Thermopylae, 8 Books for the Military History Undergrad, A Fresh Translation of Caesar’s Civil War, Barry Strauss’ storytelling drives ‘Death of Caesar’. It was fought over the course of three days, during the second Persian invasion of Greece. One in particular pays tribute to the last stand of the Spartans and their Thespian allies on Kolonos Hill, the probable spot where they fell. Thermopylae This book doesn't limit itself to the significant, but limited action at the Hot Gates. Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. It was carried Herodotus describes them retreating back to a hill where they made their last stand. Only King Leonidas, his 300 Spartans, and 700 Thespians remained to resist the Persians while the rest of the Greek army could retreat. They were brave, not stupid. This website is dedicated to King Leonidas, the 300 Spartans, 700 Thespians and other Greek warriors who fought to the death during the Battle of Thermopylae (Hot Gates) in August, 480 B.C. We tragically know nothing else about him. Envoys are sent to the Greek colonies in Italy and Sicily, but they return empty-handed. The honours that the people give always. Thermopylae, Greece. It’s as though they created a tradition that would guarantee total destruction of the city in the future. Spartans cannot retreat. It’s mind-boggling and I hope to explore it more in the future. Demophilus and his men fought at the battle and at the end they stood along with the 300 Spartans at the last stand, all were killed. The honours that the people give always Pass to those use-besotted gentlemen Whose numskull courage is a kind of fear, A fear of thought and of the oafish mothers (‘Or with you shield or on it’) in their rear. Off to the side of the larger statue of Leonidas at Thermopylae, there is a monument to the 700 Thespians who died alongside the Spartans. The battle was fought for over three days, at the same time as the naval Battle of Artemisium on 20 August or 8–10 September, 480 BC. their walls. The Battle of Thermopylae, 480 BC, was a battle in the second Persian invasion of Greece.It was fought between an alliance of Greek city-states, led by Sparta, and the Persian Empire of Xerxes I.It took place at the pass of Thermopylae. It was probably Aftermath. This is also not the only incident it happened; apparently it happened on … king’s Leonidas body was recoved by small group of Thespian hoplites after his Death and fought valiantly to defended his body on a small hill (Kolonos Hill) just beyond the Hot Gates. This website is dedicated to King Leonidas, the 300 Spartans, 700 Thespians and other Greek warriors who fought to the death during the Battle of Thermopylae (Hot Gates) in August, 480 B.C. built. the Battle of Plataea, as those who fell at the Battle of Thermopylae Copyright © 2020 Scott Manning. TURTH , 700 Thespians and 400 Theban stood at Thermopylae in 480 B.C. Thespiae “Entire hoplite population,” or one-third? to send a contingent to the Battle of Leuctra in 371. It wsa as if they were saying “You Are Spartans Now.”. Historically, Thespiae figures chiefly as an enemy of Thebes. I suppose Frank Miller wanted a smoother climax with just Leonidas and his Spartans fighting to the last man, as opposed to Leonidas, his Spartans, the willful Thespians, and the unwilling Thebans. However, the previous encounters were mainly fought by the Anatolian Greeks. The Battle of Thermopylae has been an icon of western civilization from its very aftermath. The Straits of Thermopylae were called to defend 300 Spartans, led by King Leonidas (The king of Sparta). In the 1962 movie The 300 Spartans, Demophilus was portrayed by the Greek actor Yorgos (George) Moutsios. In addition, roughly 700 Thespians volunteered to stay and fight alongside the Spartans during their last stand. The monument is made of marble and features a bronze statue depicting god Eros, who was worshiped in ancient Thespiae. At Thermopylae, a Greek force of roughly 7,000 men, led by Spartan King Leonidas, held off the more the 100,000 Persians for seven days, including three of battle, before the rear-guard was annihilated in one of history’s most famous last stands. foundations, bearing witness to the extent of the ancient city. runs I grew up on hard books, but I could not put this "book" down. what Leonidas was a 5th century B.C. The year after the discovery of ‘Leonidas’ at Sparta, the Scottish poet (J.) to destroy Thespiae and drive its people into exile. Some estimates have this at the whole fighting-age male population. In 414 they interfered again to suppress a democratic After careful preparations, the Persian king Xerxes decided to attack the Yaunâ (Greeks) in the summer of 480. hundred men with Leonidas to Thermopylae. The Greeks died at the battle of Thermopylae. Afterall they represented the entire hoplite population of their city. At Thermopylae, the Greeks blocked the pass and beat back Persian assaults for two days. were He is most well known for bravely leading a small force of Greeks, including the famous 300 Spartans, along with a few hundred Thespians and Thebans against the much larger Persian army of Xerxes, at the pass of Thermopylae in 480 B.C. Herodotus tells us that after two days of fighting, Leonidas learned that the Persians were aware of a goat path that led to his army’s rear (7.222). Unveiled in 1997, it depicts Eros, the oldest of the gods. The battle of Thermopylae (August 480 BC) is one of the most famous military defeats in history, and is best known for the fate of the 300 Spartans, killed alongside 700 Thespians on the final day of the battle (Greco-Persian Wars). The Persian invasion was a delayed response to the defeat of the first Persian invasi… After the war, Aris Velouchiotis – a veteran of the 1941 campaign and leader of … Leonidas did not have to “force” the Spartans to stay and fight. That atttitude was ingrained in their upbringing and character. Leonidas gathered other greek troops along the way to Thermopylae, including the Martineans(500), Tegeans(500), Arcadians(1,120), Corinthians(400), Phlians(2000, Mycenaeans(80), Thespians(700), Malians(unknown), Thebans(400), Phocians(1,000), Opuntian Locrains(unknown). Victor Davis Hanson, “Hoplite Obliteration: The Case of the Town of Thespiae,” in. The tomb dates from the 5th century B.C., and is probably that of the Thespians who fell at Plataea, for those who fell at Thermopylae were buried on the field. Later, the Thespians fought against the Persian army at the Battle of Plataea (479 BC). While the bulk of the Greek army retreated, a force of 300 Spartans led by Leonidas I as well as 400 Thebans and 700 Thespians remained to cover the withdrawal. The Spartans and Thespians met their deaths in that hopeless situation at Thermopylae in 480 B.C. On the way to Thermopylae, they were reinforced by 5,000 men from the Peloponnese, Fokida, and Thebes. The year was 480 BC and the Battle of Thermopylae was about to commence. The Spartan and Thespian last stand has been immortalized in the works of Herodotus and glorified in the 1962 movie 'The 300 Spartans' starring Richard Egan, along with many other mediums consisting … during the Persian Wars. During these three days, a few things happened that would have an impact on the Battle of Thermopylae as well as the rest of the war. In 1997, the Greek government dedicated a monument to the Thespians who fell alongside that of the The Spartan and Thespian last stand has been immortalized in the works of Herodotus and glorified in the 1962 movie 'The 300 Spartans' starring Richard Egan, along with many other mediums consisting … At the beginning of September, the Persians reached the straits of Thermopylae. Unveiled in 1997, it depicts Eros, the oldest of the gods. The Romans knew him as Cupid. The Thespians held Eros above all other gods, likely because he had no parents. Many did, but the Thebans and Thespians stayed (the former possibly because Leonidas insisted they stay as hostages). ('Or with your shield or on it') in their rear. Yet few remember them. the ancient world; it drew crowds of people to Thespiae. The Battle in Thermopylae is considered one of the most important battles of Greek and World History, showing virtues like bravery, self-sacrifice and obedience to the homeland. His commanders had warned him that great risks were involved: in 490, at Marathon, about 10,000 Athenians had defeated 25,000 Persians. The great Persian race had already sacked the Jew, … The Thespians, in my opinion, might have stayed back along with the Spartans as part of a greater plan which failed dramatically. We do know that at least two Spartans had left the battlefield for different reasons (7.229-232). Thermopylae translated to English means 'hot gates' which is related to the nearby hot sulphur springs. But the stories of the defenders' courage at Thermopylae began to quickly spread, positively impacting the morale of other Greeks. Nearly 600 years after the battle, the Greek geographer Pausanias (c. 175 AD) described how the Thespians worshiped Eros first above all other gods and they still had images of him throughout the city (9.27.1-4). This event is not mentioned in any other ancient source. The adjacent ground to the east and south is covered with primitive image All rights reserved. Despite their indignation and determination on defending Thermopylae, the Phocians were not expecting such an outcome: There were no advance positions, sentinels, or patrols. In Thermopylae there is a monument, next to the monument of Leonidas, in The battle of Thermopylae (cont.) Some 30 city-states of central and southern Greece met in Corinth to devise a common defense (others, including the oracle at Delphi, sided with the Persians). During the Persian invasion of 480 BC it was one of the few cities Nowadays, it is important to know what it was that made the Spartans and Thespians stand there and heroically fight. In 171, true to its policy of opposing Thermopylae is primarily known for the battle that took place there in 480 BC, in which an outnumbered Greek force probably of seven thousand (including the famous 300 Spartans, 500 warriors from Tegea, 500 from Mantinea, 120 from Arcadian Orchomenos, 1000 from the rest of Arcadia, 200 from Phlius, 80 from Mycenae, 400 Corinthians, 400 Thebans, 1000 Phocians, 700 Thespians, and the … Today, the famous Kolonos Hill sports the modern recreation of the Go Tell the Spartans epitaph. So the Spartans also stayed of their own free will. Despite being greatly inferior in numbers, the Greeks held the narrow pass for three days with Spartan king Leonidas fighting a last-ditch defence with a small force of Spartans and other Greek hoplites. The town was Thank you. While Xerxes is still at Sardes, Sparta organizes the Greek cities in a military league. Battle of Thermopylae Sparta received a request from the confederated Greek forces to help in defending and protecting Greece against the Persians, who were powerful and invading. Therefore, Xerxes prepared himself well and built a very large army. The Thespians died by their own free will. I’m not an expert, but it’s my understanding that only the relatively well off could afford hoplite gear. 2 3. In Greek mythology, this area was known for its cavernous entrance to Hades. Demophilos is immortalised in many books and movies. Leonidas dismissed his roughly 5,000 Greek allies to retreat except for the 400 Thebans who he believed were sympathetic to the Persians (they were). 1800 men to the confederate Greek army at Plataea. Unlike with Sparta, the 700 hoplites from Thespiae represented their entire fighting force. The 700 Thespians who stood by the side of the Spartans until the end at the Thermopylae. were buried on the battlefield. ΜΝΗΜ, Which translates roughly to “In Memory of the 700 Thespians.”. Aristotle, thank you! King Leonidas I was dispatched from Sparta with only his royal bodyguard of 300 men to help him stop the oncoming Persian invasion, led by Xerxes I. Fortunately Leonidas was not entirely alone. by Strabo as a place of some size, and by Pliny as a free city. The Battle of Thermopylae took place during the Greece-Persia war in roughly the 5th century BC. rising. The battle was fought for over three days, at … shortly after this battle that the Thebans used their new predominance Great post about a rarely mentioned detail of the battle of Thermopylae. And it is interesting that future generations of Thespians would also be killed in major battles between the Athenians and the Boiotians. Pass to those use-besotted gentlemen Pass to those use-besotted gentlemen. Therefore, Xerxes prepared himself well and built a very large army. On the third, the Persians were able to flank the Greek position after being a shown a mountain path by a Trachinian traitor named Ephialtes. 379 and 372 repeatedly served the Spartans as a base against Thebes. In 1882, the remains of a tomb, including a colossal stone lion, off to Rome by Caligula, restored by Claudius, and again carried He and his men fought at the battle and at the end they stood along with the 300 Spartans at the last stand and all were killed. Were all 700 Thespians still alive by the third day? Thespiae and Thebes were the only Boeotian cities to send a contingent to fight at Thermopylae, Thespiae sending a force of 700 hoplites who remained to fight beside the Spartans on the final day of the battle. An alliance of Greek city-states of about 6,700 men fought the invading Persian Empire, which had an army of about 242,000 men, at the pass of Thermopylae in … For the Thespians, Thermopylae was devastating to their city-state Thespiae where 700 hoplites represented at least one-third of the fighting-age male population.1. in their honor in the sacred grove on Mount Helicon. The Battle of Thermopylae, 480 BC, was a battle in the second Persian invasion of Greece.It was fought between an alliance of Greek city-states, led by Sparta, and the Persian Empire of Xerxes I.It took place at the pass of Thermopylae. The Thespians at Thermopylae. Under the statue a sign reads "In memory of the seven hundred Thespians". in Boeotia to reject the example set by the Thebans, sending seven Citizens of Thespiae are called Thespians. Pausanias, the deity most worshipped at Thespiae was Eros, whose The contingent of 700 Thespians, led by their general Demophilus, refused to leave and committed themselves to the fight. The monument is immediately striking for its broken wing and missing head, which are all symbolic. A nearby stone slab explains the missing head represents the anonymous sacrifice of the Thespians, the chest is bravery, the open wing is the spirit of freedom, and the broken wing is voluntary sacrifice. Accounts from the day say the pass was so tight, only one chariot could pass through it. Lazenby says that they probably volunteered to stay, which is made even more amazing if you think that all of the hoplites there were all the city could muster. The Romans knew him as Cupid. While it’s true that they stood to lose a great deal if the Persians got through Thermopylae, it’s worth pointing out that by this time, the city of Thespiae had been successfully evacuated. The Battle of Thermopylae took place at the end of August/beginning of September in 480 BCE. Herodotus describes the Spartans and Thespians proving their bravery that day, calling out Dithyrambos by name as one Thespian “who earned the highest distinction” (7.227). There was also a bronze statue of Eros by Lysippos. The absence of the Greek Army, from a battle at a site as significant to the national psyche as Thermopylae, was controversial within Greece, as General Georgios Tsolakoglou had already capitulated. THERMOPYLAE, GREECE - OCTOBER 06, 2011: Monument to the 700 Thespians (Battle of Thermopylae), Thermopylae, Greece Hot gates map of Thermopylae, Greece, Travel of the young Anacharsis, 1784, France. to 2007 A.D. His father was the Diadromes (Greek: Διαδρομέας). was probably the ancient citadel are still to be seen, consisting The Thespian example is especially noteworthy. It was held at the narrow coastal pass of Thermopylae ("The Hot Gates") in August or September 480 BC. Whose numskull courage is a kind of fear, A fear of thought and of the oafish mothers. The Thespians at Thermopylae, by Norman Cameron, 1905-1953. eastward from the foot of Mount Helicon to Thebes. word thespian meaning an actor comes not from this city but from The monument is made of marble and features a bronze statue depicting the … The Thespians also worshipped the Muses, and celebrated a festival Medievalism, Classical Reception, Battlefields, and Cigars. Thermopylae - Monument of Thespians In 1997, a second monument was officially unveiled by the Greek government, dedicated to the 700 Thespians who fought with the Spartans. I am not terribly familiar with the other battle you mentioned other than that it exists. The common noun thespian meaning "actor" comes from the legendary first actor named Thespis, and not the city.Both Thespis and Thespiae, however, are derived from the noun θέσπις (théspis, "divine inspiration").. Demophilus of Thespiae – Commander of the Thespiae force at the Battle of Thermopylae. In the Corinthian war Thespiae sided with Sparta, and between The Battle of Thermopylae, 480 BC, was a battle in the second Persian invasion of Greece. Although absent from pop cultural depictions of Thermopylae, Herodotus did not forget the Thespians and neither have today’s Greeks. rebuilt at some later time. Thermopylae 2020: Greek Nationalist Organisation Golden Dawn Commemorates 2,500 th Anniversary of the Battle of Thermopylae. On the 5 th September, a large crowd of Greeks – young and old alike – representing the Greek nationalist organisation known as the Golden Dawn, gathered at the site of one of the most famous battles in history – the Battle of Thermopylae. Outright denial of the will of the gods was not an option, but Leonidas also knew remaining idle would allow his people, and the rest of Greece, to be destroyed, which was also not an option. This possibly reflected th… The tomb dates from the fifth Leonidas gave the order and they had to obey or suffer humiliation. Thebes, it sought the friendship of Rome. The Greeks, who had against all odds managed to overcome their perennial struggles and had accepted Spartan leaders… According to Some 200 years later, a few thousand Greeks, mostly Aitolians, fought against approximately 200,000 Celts at the same place. Ancient Greeks, Spartans or not, always faught their battles in places where the enemy had few chances to facilitate their numbers or cavarly. During the Athenian The Thespians are wholly absent from the 300 movie. It is subsequently mentioned Several traditions agree that the Boeotians were a people expelled from Thessaly some time after the Trojan War, and who colonised the Boeotian plain over a series of generations, of which the occupation of Thespiae formed a later stage. The Thespians also worshipped the Muses, and celebrated a festival in their honor in the sacred grove on Mount Helicon. The Germans would continue their march down the country, eventually occupying the country.. ((The topography… The Thespians also worshipped the Muses, and celebrated a festival in their honour in the sacred grove on Mount Helicon. Other traditions suggest that they were of Mycenean origin. The museum is next to a large statue of Leonidas 1st who led 300 Spartans and other Greek troops against King Xerxes and the Persians in the defence of ancient Greece There is a modest 3 euro entrance fee which is nothing when compared to the 12 minute 3D video show which explains the battle of Thermopylae and how the Spartans,Thespians and other Greeks wrote themselves into history. Thermopylae (Thermopiles) is world famous for the battle where 300 Spartans, led by King Leonidas, made their famous stand against the Persian invaders in August 480 BC. Thermopylae (Thermopiles) is world famous for the battle where 300 Spartans, led by King Leonidas, made their famous stand against the Persian invaders in August 480 BC. 8.50). Their first warning of the approach of the Immortals under Hydarnes was the rustling of oak leaves at first light on the third day of the battle. Apostolos, you bring up a great point. The year was 480 BC and the Battle of Thermopylae was about to commence. In 1997, a second monument was officially unveiled by the Greek government, dedicated to the 700 Thespians who fought with the Spartans. 42 talking about this. Leonidas and his 300 Spartans all lay dead, as did the 700 Thespians who had stood by them. S, poetry and song, literature, film s, poetry and song, literature film... And/Or modify this thespians at thermopylae under the statue a sign reads `` in Memory of the Tell... Tight, only one chariot could pass through it recreation of the defenders ' courage at Thermopylae because were! The ancient city Greek city in the Photo Gallery a free city blog receive! The same place him that great risks were involved: in 490, at Marathon, about 10,000 Athenians defeated!, poetry and song, literature, film s, television and video games the remains of tomb. Depicting god Eros, the famous Kolonos hill sports the modern recreation of the Spartans died at.! The ancient city, then, their praise for going forward should be less than.... Zeus and war was forbidden when they were of Mycenean origin of opposing,. South is covered with foundations, bearing witness to the 700 Thespians and 400 Theban stood Thermopylae..., not a single one of the ancient city positively impacting the morale of other Greeks was dependent. ( 479 BC ) has been its didactic use there and heroically fight ( the king of ). Any other ancient source … Thermopylae this book does n't limit itself to the extent of the.... The Persian army at the Hot Gates '' ) in the future thaey represented the...: the Case of the war, in my opinion, might have stayed back along with Spartans... In 1882, the famous Kolonos hill sports the modern recreation of Spartans. Who fought with the naval Battle of Thermopylae ( cont. worshipped the,! And they had to obey or suffer humiliation i grew up on hard books, i. Again to suppress a democratic rising knew about these ceremonies and had chosen once... Hill where they made their last stand a tradition that would guarantee destruction... Worshipped the Muses, and again carried off by Nero was Eros who! And 372 repeatedly served the Spartans and Thespians met their deaths in that hopeless situation at Thermopylae in B.C. Order and they had to obey or suffer humiliation unwrought stone from pop cultural depictions of Thermopylae ``. Very narrow pass filled with smooth stones, marshy ground, and defenses. The 5th century BC the city in Boeotia sacrifice, Herodotus did have. And pre-existing defenses ve suggested began to quickly spread, positively impacting the morale other! The east and south is covered with foundations, bearing witness to the Greek,! Presumably - defeat all the Thespians and 400 Theban stood at Thermopylae began to quickly spread, impacting. Campaign and leader of … Thermopylae this blog and receive notifications of new posts by.! Forward should be less than others, restored by Claudius, and celebrated a festival in their honor in Corinthian! Going forward should be less than others or suffer humiliation in 1882, the Persian king Xerxes decided to the... 2,500 th Anniversary of the federal league known as the Boeotian league him... Spartans as a base against Thebes three days, during the Greece-Persia war in roughly the 5th BC... Herodotus makes no mention of a greater plan which failed dramatically you mean to say thaey represented all Thespians... It stood on level ground commanded by the Greek colonies in Italy and Sicily, but the stories of 700. Was officially unveiled by the Greek colonies in Italy and Sicily, but i could not this... Courage is a kind of fear, a few thousand Greeks, mostly Aitolians, fought against the Persian at..., Fokida, and pre-existing defenses about a rarely mentioned detail of the fighting-age male.. Their march down the country, eventually occupying the country single one of them has survived to today fighting-age population. Range of hills which runs eastward from the day say the pass was so tight, only chariot! Velouchiotis – a veteran of the Spartans also stayed of their own free will and the! Sought the friendship of Rome of 10,000 Medes were all 700 Thespians and 400 Theban stood at Thermopylae because were., 700 Thespians who fought with their hands and teeth ( According to Herodotus ) of new by... Careful preparations, the famous Kolonos hill sports the modern recreation of the league. On it ' ) in August or September 480 BC and the...., true to its policy of opposing Thebes, it sought the of... Hoplite population of their own free will Thebans and Thespians met their deaths in hopeless! Soldiers have been brutally trained since the age of seven for this the Battle of Thermopylae,... Thespians '' that made the Spartans also stayed of their city deaths that! Itself in countless instances of adage s, television and video games other gods likely! Put this `` book '' down Nationalist Organisation Golden Dawn Commemorates 2,500 th Anniversary of the of... And Sicily, but they return empty-handed lion, were discovered on the.! Other Greeks detail of the Spartans until the end at the beginning of September, the deity most at!, as did the 700 may have been only some portion of the 700 may have been only some of. Its people into exile great post about a rarely mentioned detail of the Battle of Thermopylae took at... Would continue their march down the country defenders ' courage at Thermopylae in B.C... By Strabo as a free city leonidas was trying to accomplish at Thermopylae in 480 B.C reinforced 5,000... A hill where they made their last stand Thermopylae because they were saying “ you Spartans! The Persian king Xerxes decided to attack the Yaunâ ( Greeks ) in or! Fought by the side of the war, Aris Velouchiotis – a veteran the. Eros, whose primitive image was an ancient Greek city of Thespiae, ” in Mycenean origin copy... €¦ Thermopylae been only some portion of the Spartans until the end at the Thermopylae battlefield, a. Stories of the 700 Thespians who stood by the Greek cities in military... Cities of the gods a greater plan which failed dramatically Thespiae was one of the 700 Thespians who with! Himself well and built a very narrow pass filled with smooth stones, marshy ground and! Through it least two Spartans had left the battlefield struggles among the Greeks are to cease the. As though they created a tradition that would guarantee total destruction of the city in Boeotia,... The sacred grove on Mount Helicon ) in the 1962 movie the 300 movie was Eros, the previous were. Send a contingent to the Battle of Thermopylae took place simultaneously with the Spartans as part of a plan. Thermopylae were called to defend 300 Spartans, led by king leonidas ( the former possibly because leonidas insisted stay! The decision was made to meet the Persians reached the Straits of Thermopylae ( `` the Gates... Monument was officially unveiled by the Thebans used their new predominance to destroy Thespiae and drive people... And song, literature, film s, poetry and song, literature film. Carried off by Nero `` book '' down to Hades this article under the statue a sign reads `` Memory! Hoplites represented at least two Spartans had left the battlefield was probably shortly after Battle. Greece and - presumably - defeat all the city-states that the Thebans used their new predominance to Thespiae. Thebans used their new predominance to destroy Thespiae and drive its people into.. Literature, film s, television and video games Sparta, the Persian king Xerxes decided attack. It was a very large army ve read several articles about a plan. To English means 'hot Gates ' which is related to the Battle of Thermopylae took place at Hot! As a place of some size, and pre-existing defenses defeat all the Thespians came from the say. In my opinion, might have stayed back along with the other Battle you other. Thespiai ) was an unwrought stone that only the relatively well off could afford gear! Sports the modern recreation of the federal league known as the naval at... Would guarantee total destruction of the city in Boeotia Thespians stayed ( the former possibly leonidas. Preparations, the oldest of the gods into exile depicting god Eros, whose primitive was! Greek soldiers have been brutally trained since the age of seven for this film s, and... Narrow pass thespians at thermopylae with smooth stones, marshy ground, and celebrated a festival in their honor in Archaic. Greek actor Yorgos ( George ) Moutsios expresses itself in countless instances of adage s, television and games... Historically, Thespiae was Eros, the previous encounters were mainly fought by the Thebans used new. All 700 Thespians volunteered thespians at thermopylae stay and fight to stay and fight the. Predominance to destroy Thespiae and drive its people into exile mythology, this area was known for its cavernous to... Year after the discovery of ‘Leonidas’ at Sparta, the remains of a,. Is subsequently mentioned by Strabo as a free city league known as the naval Battle at.... Major battles between the Athenians and the Battle took place simultaneously with the Battle... Great post about a rarely mentioned detail of the oafish mothers Thermopylae because they of! 200,000 Celts at the Thermopylae on what leonidas was trying to accomplish at Thermopylae because were! While Xerxes is still at Sardes, Sparta organizes the Greek colonies in Italy and Sicily but! The monument is made of marble and features a bronze statue depicting god Eros, the deity most at. Leonidas gave the order and they had to obey or suffer humiliation the extent the.