Geranium is identified by the botanical name Pelargonium graveolens and Rose Geranium’s specific botanical name is Pelargonium graveolens var. Features 1 1/4" diameter, pink to lilac, saucer-shaped, upward facing, 5-petaled flowers in spring for a period of 6-7 weeks. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Geraniums are among the most popular of bedding and greenhouse plants. Geranium phaeum ‘Album’ is a fantastic cranesbill geranium, useful for growing in shade. Genus name comes from the Greek word geranos meaning crane in reference to the fruit which purportedly resembles the head and beak of a crane. The aromatic, or scented-leaved, geraniums are found in several species, including P. abrotanifolium, P. capitatum, P. citrosum, P. crispum, P. graveolens, and P. odoratissimum. Corrections? Geranium sylvaticum Common name(s): Wood Cranesbill, Woodland Geranium Synonyme(s): N/A Family: Geraniaceae Origin: Asia, Europe More infos: is also available in other blooming colors. Clear to Pale Yellow/Green. Watch for snails and slugs. Foliage may yellow in hot summers if soil is allowed to dry out. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Another name of geranium is 'cranesbills' it is due to their long and beak shaped fruits. Botanical Name: Geranium Height: 18 inches. Geranium, (genus Geranium ), also called cranesbill, any of a group of about 300 species of perennial herbs or shrubs in the family Geraniaceae, native mostly to subtropical southern Africa. (Note: This page is about plants in the genus Pelargonium, commonly called geraniums or storksbills. Cranesbill, or hardy geraniums, are perennial border plants with saucer-shaped flowers in shades of pink, purple and blue. Geranium essential oil and Rose Geranium essential oil both come from P. graveolens– they are just from different varieties; the full botanical name of “Rose” Geranium is Pelargonium graveolens var. Tango's dark foliage is a consumer favorite, pair this with its wide range of colors and grower benefits and you have the ideal zonal geranium for small pots. Many make excellent garden plants and many hybrids have been made. Another common name is sweet-leaved geranium. Noteworthy Characteristics. After 2 decades, this patent has expired in February 2019 (for the United States and GATT signatory countries). Deadheading is tedious and probably unnecessary since plants usually do not repeat bloom. Very Strong. Easily grown in average, medium, well-drained soil in full sun to part shade. Plants in the genus Geranium are also commonly used in gardens, but are typically referred to as hardy geraniums or cranesbills.) By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Middle. Rozanne Cranesbill has masses of beautiful blue flowers with white eyes at the ends of the stems from late spring to mid summer, which are most effective when planted in groupings. Current status in UK. Geranium oil, which is also called pelargonium oil, or rose-geranium oil, is colourless to pale yellow-brown or greenish and has an odour like that of roses. Plant Family. Although they are often grown as annuals, they may overwinter in zones as cool as zone 7. While you’re right on target with the scent, the flower is actually not a geranium at all. Double flowers and mixed colours as well as ragged or frilled petals are available. This is one of the best recent Cranesbill introductions, excellent for long-season display and leagues better than older garden forms such as ‘Johnson’s Blue'. Zones 9-11. Credit: Peter Krumhardt Peppermint-scented geranium Pelargonium tomentosum is a spreading subshrub with fuzzy silvery-gray leaves. Zonal geraniums are basically tropical perennials. Geranium Egyptian is a marvelous skin-balancing oil that can improve the overall skin complexion. Other common names includes cranesbill geranium (Geranium macrorrhizum), bloody geranium (Geranium sanguineum), and wild geranium (Geranium maculatum). Geranium Essential Oil smells floral, fresh, sweet and slightly fruity. They’re easy to grow, thrive in shade and flower for months. Geranium L. – geranium. Geranium sanguineum, commonly called bloody cranesbill or bloodred geranium, is an herbaceous, clump-forming perennial that typically grows in a mound to 9-12” tall with white-hairy trailing stems spreading over time to as much as 24” wide. Thin. The closely related genus Pelargonium contains some 280 species of annual, biennial, and perennial herbaceous plants that are commonly called geraniums. Geranium is often confused with its close cousin Pelargonium (florist geranium). Zonal geraniums grow in U.S. Department of Agriculture hardiness zones 9 through 12. Geranium maculatum is a clump-forming, Missouri native, woodland perennial which typically occurs in woods, thickets and shaded roadside areas throughout the State. Pelargonium graveolens / Pelargonium asperum. Features 1 1/4" diameter, pink to lilac, saucer-shaped, upward facing, 5-petaled flowers in spring for a period of 6-7 weeks. Type. Most of the cultivated species are hybrids. “Rozanne” is the trademark name that the plant was marketed under, in honor of Mrs. Waterer. Forms a mound of foliage that grows to 24" tall and 18" wide. As a group, they are also known as true geraniums, perennial geraniums, or wild geraniums. Marketing Information: Bench Card Download a Bench Card. Rose Geranium Essential Oil smells floral, somewhat rosy and green. Geranium botanical name is pelargonium graveolens, it includes around 422 species in their family. Forms a mound of foliage that grows to 24" tall and 18" wide. Geranium maculatum is a clump-forming, Missouri native, woodland perennial which typically occurs in woods, thickets and shaded roadside areas throughout the State. Color. Method of Extraction and Plant Part: Steam distilled from leaves & flowers Country of Origin: China Believed to: It forms a dense, weed-suppressing matt of green, deeply lobed leaves, from which small, nodding, white flowers with yellow centres appear on tall stems, from late spring to early summer. The botanical name for the balcon princess geranium is PELARGONIUM peltatum (BALCON SERIES). Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high) 3. You may think that red, pink, or white annual flowering plants with thick pleated leaves are called \"geraniums,\" since everyone calls them that. 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