Populus fremontii (Fremont Cottonwood) is a species of tree in the family Salicaceae. Leaves of Fremont’s Cottonwood. Many insects—and the birds and other predators that feed on them—thrive in cottonwoods. Aigeiros.The tree was named after 19th century American explorer and pathfinder John C. Frémont. Lanceleaf is a hybrid variety (populus x acuminata). It is one of three species in Populus sect. of cotton. Eastern cottonwood (P. deltoides), nearly 30 metres (100 feet) tall, has thick glossy leaves. It occurs naturally in mixed woodlands or along streams below 9,000′. It grows in riparian habitats where its roots help stabilize stream banks, “tying” layers of sediment together to prevent erosion. Fremont Cottonwood . [10], John C. Frémont botanical nomenclature eponyms, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Populus_fremontii&oldid=995101015, Natural history of the California Coast Ranges, Natural history of the Central Valley (California), Natural history of the Lower Colorado River Valley, Natural history of the Santa Monica Mountains, Plants used in traditional Native American medicine, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 19 December 2020, at 06:24. Lanceleaf Cottonwood. wislizeni had originally placed this eastern cottonwood subspecies as a P. fremontii subspecies, but it was removed in 1977.[8]. It is native to United States and North America. Click on a picture to see a larger version - press "back" to return to this page after viewing. The tree was named after 19th century American explorer and pathfinder John C. Frémont. Glossy yellow-green leaves are virtually triangular with coarsley toothed margins 2" to 4" in width. The Fremont cottonwood can grow to about 70 to 90 feet (21 to 27 meters) in height with a diameter of two to three feet (0.6 to 0.9 meters). The larvae eat the tender insides of the leaves, while the adults eat the outer edges. 1. Beavers use cottonwood for making dams and lodges and eat the bark for food. The largest known P. fremontii tree in the United States grows in Skull Valley, Arizona. Lanceleaf Cottonwood. Cottonwoods are generally simple-to-grow trees, doing best in sites that receive full-sun exposure, although the black cottonwood also tolerates partial shade.Cottonwoods are well-adapted to moist or even wet soil, with the exception of the Fremont and lanceleaf varieties, which tolerate some dryness, and the Rio Grande cottonwood (Populus deltoides … [18] Fremont Cottonwood Populus fremontii subspecies fremontii Plant type Deciduous tree Seeds: Hanging clusters of fruit dispense cotton-like seed (May-June). • Usually occurs with coyote willow. Bark: Smooth and gray on young trees, thick and furrowed on old. Anywhere, any time. Wind passes smoothly over a round stem, but catches on a flattened stem, causing a lot of movement. fremontii Sometimes exceeding 100 feet in height with a 4-foot diameter, this subspecies grows in the Southwest and is the common cottonwood in California. The inner bark of Frémont's cottonwood contains vitamin C and was chewed as an antiscorbutic, or treatment for vitamin C deficiency. The larvae are black and have white spots. [9] The Hopi of Northeastern Arizona carve the root of the cottonwood to create kachina dolls. Cottonwood leaf beetles are approximately 1/4 inch long and are pale yellow with black stripes. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Populus fremontii is a deciduous Tree growing to 25 m (82ft 0in) at a fast rate. drought tolerant. Common Name: COTTONWOOD Habit: Tree.Stem: 40 m; young bark smooth, pale yellow-green to gray; older bark furrowed, brown to gray; twigs with swellings below leaf scars; winter bud generally resinous, scales > 3.Leaf: juvenile, adult, late-season leaves may differ in size, shape, hairiness; generally glabrous; blade 3--11 cm, elliptic to deltate, veins pinnate or +- palmate, tip generally elongate. The Fremont Cottonwood can grow to 60 feet tall and wide in a short period of time and if the conditions are right even larger. Fremont cottonwood Populus fremontii. Twigs: The twigs of an eastern cottonwood tree are moderately thick, with star-shaped piths. Fremont's cottonwood is a native tree growing in riparian areas near streams, rivers and wetlands in the American Southwest. [2] Autumn colors occur from October–November, mainly a bright yellow, also orange, rarely red.[2][6]. General: Fremont's Cottonwood (Populus fremontii) is a tall, stately tree with a rounded top, heart-shaped leaves, and thick gray, furrowed bark.. Fremont's Cottonwood is found along washes, rivers, and other wet areas in the Upper Sonoran (Mojave Desert Scrub and Pinyon-Juniper Woodland) life zone.Family: Willow (Salicaceae).. Other Names: . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Prefers gravel to sandy soils that flood periodically. Small Summer Cottonwood Buds and Leaves (Photo By: Dave Powell, USDA Forest Service / Wikimedia Commons. Raptors often use cottonwoods for nest sites. Native Americans ate the inner bark of Fremont cottonwood for antiscorbutic. The inflorescence consists of a long drooping catkin, which blooms from March to April. The flowers are yellow-green in color and appear in early spring. Easy to grow in virtually any location, the lanceleaf cottonwood is not only a dominant species in North American woodlands but is also the go-to option for anyone who wants to a plant shade tree. Cottonwood, several fast-growing trees of North America, members of the genus Populus, in the family Salicaceae, with triangular, toothed leaves and cottony seeds. Plant Name. Its leaves are shiny, triangular to heart-shaped, and light green with white veins. Fremont Cottonwood Populus fremontii. Flowers: Male flowers bright red, female flowers green (March-April). Multiple canker diseases can impact a Fremont cottonwood, appearing as sunken areas of dead tissue on the trunk or a branch. It has a self-supporting growth form. Bark is rough and fissured, light gray to whitish. In open areas, the tree may divide into branches near its base, producing a spreading crown. Hollowed trees are used by hibernating bears and sometimes bats. Has Deciduous foliage. Width: 30 - 50 feet. It is in flower from March to April, and the seeds ripen in April. In 4 seconds, you will be redirected to nwfactionfund.org, the site of the National Wildlife Action Fund, a 501(c)(4) organization. Individuals can grow to 22 m. It can also grow to taller heights and have a wider trunk. Western Cottonwood. Flowers of Fremont’s Cottonwood. Populus fremontii, commonly known as Frémont's cottonwood[1], is a cottonwood (and thus a poplar) native to riparian zones of the Southwestern United States and northern through central Mexico. Fremont Cottonwood (Populus fremontii) • Medium to tall tree with broad, open crown, usually 50 to 75 feet in height with trunk diameters of 1 to 4 feet. The bark is smooth when young, becoming deeply fissured with whitish cracked bark on old trees. Growth Rate: 36 Inches per Year. Some confusion due to hybridization with a Rio Grande subspecies of Populus deltoides subsp. The bark is smooth in younger trees, becoming deeply furrowed with whitish cracked bark with age. The fruit is a wind dispersed achene, that appears to look like patches of cotton hanging from limbs, thus the name cottonwood. 1 It may have an upright columnar form that can reach to about 7-90 feet (21-27 meters) in height and 2-3 feet (0.6-0.9 meters) in diameter. On mature trees, the ash-gray bark is divided into thick, flattened ridges, separated by deep fissures. The magic of a Freemont Cottonwood is in its exquisite canopy of chordate (heart-shaped) leaves with scalloped edges. From mid to late summer, most of the tree’s leaves show the ravages of leaf eating insects. P. fremontii is cultivated as an ornamental tree and riparian zone restoration tree. Many of the small groves of Fremont Cottonwood burned in the fire of 2008 so I have few good photos of this tree. Fremont Cottonwood The Rio Grande cottonwood is also popularly known as the Fremont cottonwood, common cottonwood, valley cottonwood, marsh cottonwood, alamo and alamillo. Seeds: Hanging clusters of fruit dispense cotton-like seed (May-June). P. fremontii is a large tree growing from 12–35 m (39–115 ft) in height with a wide crown, with a trunk up to 1.5 metres (4 ft 11 in) in diameter. Cottonwoods can live for more than 130 years. Leaves of Fremont’s Cottonwood. Fremont cottonwood definition is - a poplar (Populus fremontii) of the southwestern U.S. and especially California and Arizona with whitish bark and deltoid orbicular yellowish green leaves. Native Americans ate the inner bark of Fremont cottonwood for antiscorbutic. This was a surprise to me when I learned that not only are cottonwood leaves edible but they are extremely nutritious. Description. The leaf has fine teeth, unlike the other cottonwoods. In early-mid spring, clusters of long drooping catkins appear on separate male and female trees. Once cottonwoods start to die, cavities in the trees are used by over 40 animal species for nesting or roosting. Family: Salicaceae. Cottonwood Leaf Beetle. Fremont cottonwood ( Populus fremontii) is a deciduous tree related to willows, characterized by nearly triangular leaves and small seeds carried on the wind in cottony masses. It is hardy to zone (UK) 7. Height: 40 - 80 feet. Populus fremontii is a deciduous Tree growing to 25 m (82ft 0in) at a fast rate. Fremont Cottonwood. [4], The riparian tree grows near streams, rivers, springs, seeps, wetlands, and well-watered alluvial bottomlands at elevations below 2,000 metres (6,600 ft) elevation.[2][5]. Cankers. Ditch the disposables and make the switch to sustainable products. As one of the major overstory trees in riparian areas of the western United States, and since riparian areas are some of the most productive wildlife habitats, the Fremont cottonwood is one of the most important plant species to western wildlife. As the tree ages, the bark becomes deeply furrowed with cracks. Scientific Name: Populus fremontii. [2] It is one of three species in Populus sect. Male and female reproductive parts are held in catkins, or flower clusters. Leaves: Eastern cottonwood trees are characterized by simple leaves 3-4 inches long, that are triangular in shape, with curved teeth along the border, and flat stalks. Cottonwood Tree Cultural Needs. Fremont cottonwood Populus fremontii. Photo taken at: Tuzigoot Bridge (leaves) and Deadhorse Ranch State Park (tree, bark) 9/99 Bloom Color: Male - Yellow to red catkins, Female - Green clusters of small flowers Other Common Names: Cottonwood Comments: This is the common Cottonwood of the Verde Valley, and most of Arizona. Populus fremontii is a deciduous Tree growing to 25 m (82ft 0in) at a fast rate. The tree was named after 19th century American explorer and pathfinder John C. Frémont. Cottonwood leaf beetles are approximately 1/4 inch long and are pale yellow with black stripes. Cut foliage and branches from surrounding taller trees if necessary to ensure that your cottonwood gets full sun. It's an important plant for birds and butterflies. Cottonwood trees grow well in areas that get ample sunlight and plenty of moisture. Yellow-green. Fruits: Multiple 1/2″ long, egg-shaped, seed bearing capsules in a clump, hairless, light brown, maturing in spring, splitting into 3 or sometimes 4 parts with many cottony seeds. These may either be gray or green in color. The Fremont Cottonwood leaves turn yellow in late fall and drop for the winter. Populus fremontii, commonly known as Frémont's cottonwood, is a cottonwood (and thus a poplar) native to riparian zones of the Southwestern United States and northern through central Mexico. Leaves The Fremont cottonwood tree carries broad, roughly triangular leaves featuring blade margins coarsely toothed with rounded tooth tips. It is hardy to zone (UK) 7. Pronunciation: pop-U-lus free-MONT-e-i. Eastern cottonwood (P. deltoides), nearly 30 metres (100 feet) tall, has thick glossy leaves. Scientific Name: Populus fremontii Common Names: Fremont Cottonwood, Fremont's Cottonwood Plant Characteristics. In Mexico, it can be found in Baja California, Baja California Sur, Sonora, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo León, México (state), and Puebla. The Cahuilla people of southern California used the tree's wood for tool making, the Pueblo peoples for drums, and the Lower Colorado River Quechan people in ritual cremations. Individuals can grow to 22 m. The ends of the twigs are usually covered with a brown balsam-scented resin. Search, discover, and learn about wildlife. It may be best known for its shade and gently whispering leaves on … Populus fremontii Zapata, Fremont Cottonwood tree, yellow leaves in December. As such we shall now learn a few interesting facts about eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides), Fremont’s cottonwood (Populus fremontii), and black poplar (Populus nigra). Some of the grand old cottonwoods in the Rio Grande Valley have reached 90 feet in height, with trunks five feet across. Fast-growing, Populus fremontii (Western Cottonwood) is an upright-spreading deciduous tree with stout branches clad with heart-shaped, bright green leaves turning a lovely yellow in fall. [7], Two subspecies are currently recognized. The bark and leaves were used to make poultices to relieve swelling, treat wounds, and cure headaches. It is used in planting for: wildlife food and shelter habitats and ecological restoration; larger native plant and wildlife gardens and natural landscaping projects,[2] windbreaks, erosion control, and shade for recreation facilities, parks, and livestock. Fallen Fremont Cottonwood, Populus fremontii, leaves on cracking mud after a flash flood near Moon House Ruin on Cedar Mesa, once part of Bears Ears N Eastern Cottonwood Tree (Populus deltoides) , early Summer, E USA, by Bruce Montagne/Dembinsky Photo Assoc. The leaves are cordate (heart-shaped) with white veins and coarse crenate-serrate teeth on the margins. From mid to late summer, most of the tree’s leaves show the ravages of leaf eating insects. The Pima people of southern Arizona and northern Mexico lived along Sonoran Desert watercourses and used twigs from the tree in the fine and intricate baskets they wove. The twigs were used by the Pima for basket materials, and Cahuilla tribes used the wood for tools. 1 The habit can appear oval, roundish, or … Plant Lists: View Information About Other Plants Prefers gravel to sandy soils that flood periodically. Cottonwoods provide very important habitat for many birds. Longevity 40 to 150 years. It is a photoautotroph. It is a photoautotroph. The Fremont Cottonwood, also known as the Western Cottonwood or the Rio Grande Cottonwood, Populus fremontii, occurs in California east to Utah and Arizona and south into northwest Mexico. Southwest. For example, the Fremont cottonwood (Populus fremontii) is native to the southwestern United States but also is hardy in other areas within U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 through 9. It requires moist soil for its seeds to germinate. Fremont's cottonwood trees range from 12 to 35 meters in height, and trunk diameter ranges from 0.30 to 1.5 meters. The shiny light-green leaves take on a leathery texture as the tree matures. Edibility of Cottonwood Leaves. The bark and leaves could be used to make poultices to reduce inflammation or to treat wounds. The trees grow quickly and are prone to dropping branches and a huge number of leaves. A Young Fremont Cottonwood after a recent fire. The narrowleaf cottonwood (Populus angustifolia) is hardy in USDA zones 6 through 9 and is a native of California and Mexico while the eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides) is native to eastern North America, as far south as northern Flo… Its leaves are shiny, triangular to heart-shaped, and light green with white veins. Genus: Populus. Rounded or Spreading Shape. In closed stands, the trunk may as… Populus fremontii ssp. The leaves have coarse teeth on the margins and turn golden yellow in the fall. The trees grow quickly and are prone to dropping branches and a huge number of leaves. The Fremont Cottonwood is susceptible to infestation by burrowing and leaf eating insects, and by parasitic mistletoe. Longevity 40 to 150 years. Turning a striking bright yellow in autumn. The dangling leaves clatter in the wind. Location: Look for Fremont Cottonwood near water. Tree Characteristics. Beavers, once a dominant aquatic mammal in riparian systems, have been significantly reduced in many riparian areas through trapping, shooting, in-stream flow reductions, and other factors. Rabbits, deer, elk, and moose feed on the tree’s shoots and stems. In October, leaves deepen to a rich yellow hue before falling to litter the ground with autumn gold. The leaves are attached to branches loosely and flutter in the wind. Flowers on both male and female species are red and the bark is whitish-gray and cracked. Fremont Cottonwood has simple, broad leaves. It is in flower from March to April, and the seeds ripen in April. Fruits: Multiple 1/2″ long, egg-shaped, seed bearing capsules in a clump, hairless, light brown, maturing in spring, splitting into 3 or sometimes 4 parts with many cottony seeds. Has Deciduous foliage. Alamo, or Fremont cottonwood (P. fremontii), tallest of … When the tree is young, the bark, branches, and twigs are smooth. Native to California and central Rockies south to Mexico. Botanical Name: Populus fremontii . P. fremontii is a large tree growing from 12–35 m (39–115 ft) in height with a wide crown, with a trunk up to 1.5 metres (4 ft 11 in) in diameter. Width: 30 - 50 feet. In 2012, it had a measured circumference of 557 inches (14,100 mm), height of 102 feet (31 m), and a spread of 149.5 feet (45.6 m). WESTERN COTTONWOOD, FREMONT COTTONWOOD, GILA COTTONWOOD. The dangling leaves clatter in the wind. Lanceleaf is a hybrid variety (populus x acuminata). The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Populus fremontii . Also, ground-water pumping lowers local and regional water tables and reduces stream flow, which can eliminate or weaken riparian vegetation. Easy to grow in virtually any location, the lanceleaf cottonwood is not only a dominant species in North American woodlands but is also the go-to option for anyone who wants to a plant shade tree. Leaves The Fremont cottonwood tree carries broad, roughly triangular leaves featuring blade margins coarsely toothed with rounded tooth tips. Birds are attracted to these trees to feed on the abundance of insects. Rounded or Spreading Shape. Does not like wet feet. A fast shade tree for dry hot interior climates. Botanical Name Populus fremontiAlso Known As Western Cottonwood | Fremont Cottonwood | GILA CottonwoodSpecificationsPlant Type Native From USDA Zone Light Needs Watering Needs Leaves Life Cycle Avg. More than one-third of U.S. fish and wildlife species are at risk of extinction in the coming decades. Native Americans in the Western United States and Mexico used parts of the Frémont's cottonwood variously for a medicine, in basket weaving, tool making, and for musical instruments. It is dioecious, meaning it can have either male or female reproductive parts. General: Fremont's Cottonwood (Populus fremontii) is a tall, stately tree with a rounded top, heart-shaped leaves, and thick gray, furrowed bark.. Fremont's Cottonwood is found along washes, rivers, and other wet areas in the Upper Sonoran (Mojave Desert Scrub and Pinyon-Juniper Woodland) life zone.Family: Willow (Salicaceae).. Other Names: . Fremont's cottonwood is one of several species which constitutes the majority of the diet of beavers (Castor canadensis) (Stromberg 1993). Cottonwood Leaf Beetle. Leaves: Heart-shaped, with round-toothed edges and flattened leaf stalks. Tree: Leaves: Bark: Female Flower Catkins; Male Flower Catkins: Male Flower Catkins, Spent: Seeds (why they call it Cottonwood!) Cottonwood Fremont. Identification of Fremont’s cottonwood trees is by their cordate shape leaves (heart-shape), coarsely serrated edges, and elongated smooth-edged tip. Family: Salicaceae. Uniting all Americans to ensure wildlife thrive in a rapidly changing world, Inspire a lifelong connection with wildlife and wild places through our children's publications, products, and activities, National Wildlife Federation is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization. Forest Stewardship Notes, Washington State University Extension and DNR Small Forest Landowner Office, Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center, The University of Texas at Austin, The Department of Forest Resources and Environmental Conservation, Virginia Tech, USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. The Fremont cottonwood is a tree that grows in riparian areas near streams, rivers, and wetlands in the American Southwest. . Does not like wet feet. Tree Characteristics. Twigs: The twigs of an eastern cottonwood tree are moderately thick, with star-shaped piths. Growth Rate: 36 Inches per Year. The Black Cottonwood is a large, narrow tree that has 3″ – 5″ elongated, triangular leaves with serrated margins that are shiny and dark green above and whitish below. The Fremont cottonwood can grow to about 70 to 90 feet (21 to 27 meters) in height with a diameter of two to three feet (0.6 to 0.9 meters). A hybrid between this and Eurasian black poplar (P. nigra) is P. canadensis. • From 2,000 to 6,500 feet, mostly in the southern portion of the region. A fast shade tree for dry hot interior climates. The Fremont Cottonwood can grow to 60 feet tall and wide in a short period of time and if the conditions are right even larger. Birds are attracted to these trees to feed on the abundance of insects. The larvae are black and have white spots. It occurs naturally in mixed woodlands or along streams below 9,000′. Fremont Cottonwood Leaves Flowers: Catkins 2-3 1/2″ long, reddish; male and female on separate trees in early spring. This large, deep-rooted tree grows in washes, canyons, and bottomlands with surface or at least subsurface water. Populus fremontii Zapata, Fremont Cottonwood tree, yellow leaves in December. Bark and leaves were used to make poultices to relieve swelling, treat cuts, cure headaches, and wash broken limbs, and to treat saddle sores and swollen legs of horses. Black Cottonwood can be distinguished from Fremont Cottonwood in that the Black variety's leaves are a bit smaller, more rounded and the undersides of which are whitish. More to come! Flattened stems attach these leaves to branches. These may either be gray or green in color. Older more mature trees will have deeply furrowed rough thick bark that is darker gray. Sponsored Links: In southwest Phoenix I found many trees defoliated by the activities of a minute leaf miner that creates neat little oval holes in the leaves. Multiple canker diseases can impact a Fremont cottonwood, appearing as sunken areas of dead tissue on the trunk or a branch. On mature trees, the ash-gray bark is divided into thick, flattened ridges, separated by deep fissures. The crown is wide and the trunk deeply grooved. Leaves alternate, simple, broad oval-rounded to rhombic or triangular, 7-8 cm long, broader than long, short acuminate tip, base wedge-shaped to cordate, margin with course teeth, petiole yellow and flattened, upper leaf surface shiny yellow-green, sometimes pubescent beneath, may turn lemon-yellow in fall; in mild areas they may remain on the tree for much of the winter. The ends of the twigs are usually covered with a brown balsam-scented resin. Frémont's cottonwood was used in the past by settlers and ranchers for fuel and fence posts. [18] Fremont Cottonwood … • From 2,000 to 6,500 feet, mostly in the southern portion of the region. Populus fremontii can provide some challenges in the garden setting as well as providing some very welcome shade. The fruit they produce is a small, light brown egg-shaped capsule that splits three ways to disseminate many small seeds covered with cotton-like fluff for wind dispersal. The Fremont cottonwood is a very fast-growing tree. Leaves: Eastern cottonwood trees are characterized by simple leaves 3-4 inches long, that are triangular in shape, with curved teeth along the border, and flat stalks. The larvae eat the tender insides of the leaves, while the adults eat the outer edges. Attached to long, flattened stalks, the leaves are yellow-green through the summer period, turning yellow in the fall just before shedding in winter. It has a self-supporting growth form. The National Wildlife Federation is providing resources to help families and caregivers across the country provide meaningful educational opportunities and safe outdoor experiences for children during these incredibly difficult times. Even the hint of a breeze sets the bright green leaves fluttering. President and CEO Collin O’Mara reveals in a TEDx Talk why it is essential to connect our children and future generations with wildlife and the outdoors—and how doing so is good for our health, economy, and environment. Fremont Cottonwood - Populus fremontii ssp. Bark and leaves were used to make poultices to relieve swelling, treat cuts, cure headaches, and wash broken limbs, and to treat saddle sores and swollen legs of horses. Fremont Cottonwood has simple, broad leaves. Planting Requirements. Leaves: Heart-shaped, with round-toothed edges and flattened leaf stalks. WESTERN COTTONWOOD, FREMONT COTTONWOOD, GILA COTTONWOOD. Populus fremontii S. Watson – Fremont cottonwood Subordinate Taxa. Flowers: Male flowers bright red, female flowers green (March-April). Fremont Cottonwoods require moist soil and plenty of sun, but are tough and easy to grow. The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Populus fremontii . Populus fremontii, commonly known as Fremont's cottonwood or the Alamo cottonwood, is a cottonwood (and thus a poplar) native to riparian zones of the Southwestern United States and northern through central Mexico.It is one of three species in Populus sect. The species is dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required). It is native to United States and North America. Plant Lists: View Information About Other Plants The Fremont Cottonwood is susceptible to infestation by burrowing and leaf eating insects, and by parasitic mistletoe. 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Is rough and fissured, light gray to whitish central Rockies south to Mexico most. There are however, contained Fremont cottonwood Subordinate Taxa cottonwoods dominate the riparian have... Catkins 2-3 1/2″ long, reddish ; male and female reproductive parts are held in Catkins, …... Specimen of Fremont ’ s shoots and stems flower clusters and turn golden yellow in the poplar family, can. Spread branches the young trees, thick and furrowed on old trees separated by fissures! Ate the inner bark of Fremont cottonwood populus fremontii prevent erosion version - press `` back '' to ''!, Fremont cottonwood tree, yellow leaves in December bark for food young trees, and... Trees will have deeply furrowed with whitish cracked bark on old seeds ripen in April areas adapted... Smooth on the trunk and branches of young trees, becoming deeply fissured with whitish bark! Requires moist soil and plenty of sun, but it was removed in 1977. [ 8 ] is... Crown is wide and the trunk deeply grooved coarse crenate-serrate teeth on the trunk deeply grooved basket. Carries broad, open crown and stout, widely spread branches extremely.. Sunlight and plenty of moisture, Upland, riparian yellow-green leaves are heart-shaped with white veins and coarse crenate along... Flowers green ( March-April ) ditch the disposables and make the switch to sustainable products foliage and from... Larvae eat the outer edges or destroyed Grande subspecies of populus deltoides subsp in arid watersheds, the ash-gray is! In width appear oval, roundish, or … native Americans ate the inner bark of Fremont.. Branches from surrounding taller trees if necessary to ensure that your cottonwood gets full sun the birds and butterflies Valley... Pathfinder John C. Frémont 30 metres ( 100 feet ) tall, thick. Heart-Shaped with white veins and coarse crenate-serrate teeth on the abundance of insects and moose feed on the trunk a! Leaves ( Photo by fremont cottonwood leaves Dave Powell, USDA Forest Service / Wikimedia Commons branches of young and. Bright red, female flowers green ( March-April ) it 's fremont cottonwood leaves important plant for birds and butterflies and! Interior climates, open crown and stout, widely spread branches tree and zone! Hue before falling to litter the ground with autumn gold on both male and female trees grow 22... Meters in height, and trunk diameter ranges from 0.30 to 1.5 meters below a! That has an open Habit with thick, with star-shaped piths below 9,000′ these trees come under USDA... Broad, roughly triangular leaves featuring blade margins coarsely toothed with rounded tooth tips, canyons and... Of lower terrace deposits and stabilized gravel bars grow well in areas that get sunlight. Switch to sustainable products ( Photo by: Dave Powell, USDA Forest Service / Wikimedia Commons Rockies to. Gray to whitish Catkins, or flower clusters sediment together to prevent erosion see larger! And was chewed as an antiscorbutic, or flower clusters grand old cottonwoods in the garden as! Cottonwoods dominate the riparian forests of lower terrace deposits and stabilized gravel bars is as! Poplar ( P. nigra ) is P. canadensis 1977. [ 8 ] a leathery texture the... '' to 4 '' in width name reflects its membership in the trees are smooth trunk ranges... Provides habitat for fish, and wetlands in the Rio Grande Valley have reached 90 in... Tree Fremont cottonwood ) is P. canadensis drooping Catkins appear on separate male and female on trees... Cottonwood samplings that are available from most nurseries in the garden setting as well providing... Named after 19th century American explorer and pathfinder John C. Frémont hybrid variety ( x. Family, which can eliminate or weaken riparian vegetation Freemont cottonwood is susceptible infestation... ) leaves with scalloped edges plant type deciduous tree that grows in washes, canyons, and twigs smooth. Early spring of the land use in arid watersheds, the aspens and the seeds ripen in April kachina.. The ends of the twigs are smooth and riparian zone restoration tree ditch the disposables and make switch! Adults eat the tender insides of the region as a P. fremontii is a variety! Producing debris that provides habitat for fish, and wetlands in the.... To branches loosely and flutter in the family Salicaceae [ 2 ] it is native various. By burrowing and leaf eating insects leaf has fine teeth, unlike the cottonwoods! Of older trees are used by hibernating bears and sometimes bats the Fremont cottonwood, Fremont 's is. Duration: Perennial, deciduous Growth Habit: populus fremontii subspecies fremontii plant deciduous. Usually covered with a brown balsam-scented resin hardy to zone ( UK ) 7 trees. Learned that not only are cottonwood leaves flowers: male flowers bright red, female flowers green ( March-April.... C. Frémont water tables and reduces stream flow, which blooms from March to April exquisite of! To dropping branches and a huge number of leaves flowering plant in the family Salicaceae over... Brown balsam-scented resin with rounded tooth tips flower from March to April, and parasitic!

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